Past: San Salvatore Hospital - Reunited Institutes of Assistance and Charity of Pesaro (IRAB)
Present: Municipal property (since 1973)
The farmhouse was built in 1861, but in 1995 it underwent a renovation and change of destination as asocial aggregation center. The architectural typology is typical of the rural buildings of the twentieth century, characteristic of an area with a prominent agricultural vocation. The farmhouse was a complex structure, which generally included the covered area on the ground floor necessary for carrying out production activities and the family residence on the first floor.
The building is in good condition and is not currently formally bound.
It has a rectangular plan with a pitched roof and consists of two floors.
With act Rep. 150903 of 12/06/1973, the Municipality of Pesaro purchased some land from the "San Salvatore" Hospital in Pesaro, making up part of the agricultural holding, including the "Podere in vocabolo Soria" including the old farmhouse. In the municipal correspondence of the 1980s, the building was described as an "abandoned house in via Warsaw" or "ex IRAB house". Around 1990, the building was identified as a "dilapidated farmhouse on the municipal property located in Baia Flaminia- via Varsavia" and was described as "dilapidated and unsafe" and "in a poor state of conservation". The building stood on the edge of the Campo di Marte, near the point where the military shed in Piazza d’Armi had been built.
The building, although completely renovated, represents the expression of an economic and social structure linked to the peasant-sharecropping culture, typical of the landscape and of the Rive del San Bartolo area. With the birth of the sharecropping contract, the peasant family was tied to the landowner, and in particular to the farm, because he committed himself to improving the land and the livelihood derived from the farm. The rural settlement in this way became the centre of the production process. The settler, having to divide agricultural production with the grantor, was pushed towards obtaining maximum productivity; in this process the house was adapted to changing needs.
At the foot of the Monte San Bartolo Natural Park stood the Piazza d'Armi, now Campo di Marte, which, after being the seat of a racecourse in the 1920s, had become a military garrison during the war. Conscripts were trained here for two to three months before being sent to the regiment and then to the front. This lawn overlooking the sea was a military state area in the 1960s and 1970s. In May 1979 Piazza d'Armi was finally freed from military control and the shooting range was moved first to Fano and then to Monte Brisighella in the San Bartolo Park.
Paolo Teobaldi says that in the stretch in front of the shooting range, the Harbor Office had forbidden navigation. However, on the days when the military practiced and were trained to throw the hand grenade, the sharecroppers of the Rive del San Bartolo descended in pairs and, seeing that thanks to the Gothic Line they could count on an adequate supply of explosives, they threw the bomb in the midst of the shoals of fish. They could get fish for a week, or go and sell it to the hoteliers of Gabicce and Cattolica. The building, currently being dismantled from its current administrative destination, could become a cultural centre aimed at enhancing the coastal area with particular regard to the cliff area and projects on the sea.